First lightning Sensor of Bihar to set up in CUSB
In recent years, Thunderstorm activities have been increased over the Gangetic Plain and associated atmospheric lightning events has been emerged natural extreme events which causing large number of deaths of life of human and animals as well as damage to houses especially in rural areas. Bihar has been witnessing rise in lightning and thunderstorms activities in many parts of the state. Frequent lightning during rainy month in Bihar has already caused large number (more than 150) of deaths. The adequate early warning (before 20-30 minutes) of lightning discharge may save the life of human beings and cattle.
Owing to its importance of early warning of lightning discharge through thunderstorm clouds, the Ministry of Earth Sciences, Govt. of India has taken up a project to study and detect the location of lightning by installing the Lightning Location Network (LLN) in different locations of India. Under this scheme, more than 45 sensors are being installed at different locations of lightning prone States. In this connection, Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune IITM is going to install Lightning sensor at Central University of South Bihar (CUSB) Gaya campus. The honourable Vice Chancellor of CUSB, Prof. H. C. S. Rathore has taken special interest and providing all necessary support. For this purpose, two senior scientists, Dr. S. D. Pawar and Dr. V. Goapalakrishnafrom IITM Pune visited to CUSB, Gaya on 19th August, 2019. Being Meteorologist, Prof. Pradhan Parth Sarthi from CUSB is coordinating this program.
Such kind of lightning sensor will be the first in Bihar. The sensor may be installed at the rooftop of the university building. This lighting sensor will provide the occurrence of lightning with a lead of about 30 minutes in an area of around 100-200 km. The recorded data through sensor will be forwarded continuously, without manual intervention, to a central processor at Pune. The recorded data will be helpful to the general public awareness especially to the farmers, labourers and others working in an open field or space.
The collected data by the senor will be used for joint research on thunderstorm; lightning and rainfall study by the M.Sc. /Ph.D. students, who are being educated on thunderstorm and rainfall during their M.Sc. Environmental Science programme.